Depending on the intensity of inflammation and ulceration in the body, IBD has both primary and secondary stages. These mild and intensified stages are diagnosed based on the level of inflammation in patients’ digestive tract and colon. However, there are numerous nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms that turnout to become roadblocks in the diagnosis of IBD. Hence, several other diagnoses have to be looked into, before establishing the findings from diagnosis.
Due to lack of specific and identifiable causes that help diagnose IBDs like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, IBD diagnosis involves a series of clinical, pathological, radiological, endoscopic, and other laboratory examinations that help detect the symptoms.
As IBD can trigger both mild and severe symptoms, inflammatory bowel disease treatments vary notably, based on the symptoms detected during preliminary diagnosis. Here are a few signs that indicate the flare-up of inflammatory bowel disease:
Diarrhoea – A commonly found symptom that most of the IBD patients struggle from, diarrhoea, with blood and mucous in loose stools, can indicate intensifying disease conditions.
Fever and fatigue – Though fever and fatigue are commonly noticed symptoms that hardly unveil the morbidity, several IBD patients experience both the symptoms constantly.
Abdominal pain and cramping – With increasing levels of inflammation and ulceration that affects the normal functioning of the digestive tract, IBD can lead to constant abdominal pain, bloating, and cramps. IBD patients might experience nausea and vomiting as well.
Reduced appetite. Abdominal pain, cramps, and inflammation can affect your appetite, causing quick weight loss. You might lose weight rapidly and even become malnourished due to improper digestion and absorption of food.
Risk factors that IBD patients should be aware of:
2. Family history
3. Cigarette smoking
4. Usage of isotertinoin
5. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines
6. The area where patients live in – Those who live in urban/industrialized are more likely to develop IBD.
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