Diseases and Conditions õ Insect Bites and Stings õ Should i be worried about lymeís disease?

   Before answering this very practical question, we should start explaining what is this disease. Lymeís disease (also called Borreliosis, deriving from the name Borrelia, the Bacteria that is causing the infection), is a Zoonosis, that means, an infection that is mainly present in animals, but can harm man. The Borrelias are part of the Spirocheta family, the same family in which the Treponema Pallidum belongs (Treponema is the causing agent of Syphilis).
The three known Borrelias that cause Lymes disease are:

Borrelia AFZELII
Borrelia GARIINI

   The transmission of Borrelia is helped by Tick bites. Ticks take Borrelias from Rats, and inject them to humans. The injection is made in the skin, and here is the place where the bacteria start reproducing and entering deeply in the body. The ticks are different in different world regions, and this in part explains the different distribution of the disease.(www.willilive.com)

   After full skin penetration, the immunity system starts itís specific job, but in this case the immunity is so strong, that it also hurts the human body. But even with this strong immunity, Borrelias can survive, reproduce, and disseminate in the body. They go practically in every organ, and every organ they hit, displays symptoms of dysfunction.
The first sign of Borreliosis, is the erythematous (erythro from the greek=Red) skin mark, that in this case is very specific, because it takes the form of a Bullís Eye. It is called Erythema Migrans. (www.willilive.com)

Erythema migrans
   The signs and symptoms of Lymeís disease can be divided in three groups, depending on the three phases of the disease:

   Phase 1: Erythema migrans, headaches, general sickness (malaise), fever.
   Phase 2: Multiple Erythema Migrans in the body, not related with the tick bite anymore.
Articular pain, Muscular pain, Skeletal pain.
Acute Neurological symptoms: These include facial palsy, which is the loss of muscle tone on one or both sides of the face, as well as meningitis, which involves severe headaches, neck stiffness, and sensitivity to light (Photo phobia)
   Phase 3: This phase is the most dangerous, because the infection becomes chronic, latent in the body, and can never be cured, ate least with the drugs of nowadays.
Symptoms are MAINLY NEUROLOGICAL! A polyneuropathy that involves shooting pains, numbness, and tingling in the hands or feet may develop. A neurological syndrome called Lyme encephalopathy is associated with subtle cognitive problems, such as difficulties with concentration and short-term memory. These patients may also experience profound fatigue. However, other problems such as depression and fibromyalgia are no more common in people who have been infected with Lyme than in the general population. Chronic encephalomyelitis, which may be progressive, can involve cognitive impairment, weakness in the legs, awkward gait, facial palsy, bladder problems, vertigo, and back pain. In rare cases untreated Lyme disease may cause frank psychosis, which has been mis-diagnosed as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Panic attack and anxiety can occur, also delusional behavior, including somatoform delusions, sometimes accompanied by a depersonalization or derealization syndrome, where the person begins to feel detached from themselves or from reality.

Will i survive from Lyme disease?
   The most important thing in case of Lyme, is the early diagnosis. And this requires a good family doctor. After that, treatment must start with antibiotics. The most used antibiotics are:

   Doxycyciline (Trade Name: Vibramycin, Monodox, Microdox, Periostat, Vibra-Tabs, Oracea, Doryx, Vibrox, Adoxa, Doxyhexal, Doxylin, Doxoral and Atridox)

   Amoxicillin (Trade Name: Moxatag, Actimoxi, Alphamox, Amocla, AMK, Amoksibos, Amoxiclav Sandoz, Amoxidal, Amoxil, Amoxin, Amoksiklav, Amoxibiotic, Amoxicilina, Apo-Amoxi, Augmentin (with clavulanic acid), Bactox, Betalaktam, Cilamox, Curam, Dedoxil, Dispermox, Duomox, E-Mox, Enhancin, Gimalxina, Geramox, Hiconcil, Isimoxin, Klavox, Lamoxy, Moxatag, Moxilen, Moxypen, Moxyvit, Nobactam, Novamoxin, Ospamox, Panklav, Pamoxicillin, Panamox, Polymox, Samthongcillin, Clamoxyl, Senox, Sinacilin, Trimox, Tolodina, Tormoxin (India), Wymox, Yucla, Zerrsox and Zimox)

   Erythromycin (Trade Name: Robimycin, E-Mycin, E.E.S. Granules, E.E.S.-200, E.E.S.-400, E.E.S.-400 Filmtab, Erymax, Ery-Tab, Eryc, Ranbaxy, Erypar, EryPed, Eryped 200, Eryped 400, Erythrocin Stearate Filmtab, Erythrocot, E-Base, Erythroped, Ilosone, MY-E, Pediamycin, Zineryt, Abboticin, Abboticin-ES, Erycin, PCE Dispertab, Stiemycine, Acnasol and Tiloryth)

Ceftriaxone (Trade Name: Rocephin, Rocetrax, Cefatrin)

If the disease progresses into the chronic phase, antibiotics are very disputed, but however they are still used, and from time to time, they give good results. Gabapentin also has given good results.

   However, You will surely survive if you are diagnosed early, and also if you are treated appropriately. If none of above, things will be a little more difficult, and not always there is treatment, especially for the neurological disorders!


Article By: Gen Mer

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