Family & Children HealthThe Pregnancy › Diagnosis of female infertility

What is infertility?

An infertility is an effort by couple to conceive over the course of one full year without the help of any contraceptives. Both men and women can be infertile. Almost 1/3 of the time the diagnosis is due to female infertility, 1/3 of the time it is linked to male infertility, and the remaining cases of infertility are due to combination of factors from both the partners. For approximately 20% of couples, the cause cannot be determined. When the cause of infertility exists within the female partner, it is referred to as female infertility. Female infertility factors contribute to approximately 50% of all infertility cases, and female infertility alone accounts for approximately one-third of all infertility cases.

What causes female infertility?

The most common causes of female infertility include problems with ovulation,damage to fallopian tubes or uterus, or problems with the cervix. Age can contribute to infertility because as a woman ages, her fertility naturally tends to decrease. Female infertility can also result from physical problems, hormone problems, obesity and environmental factors. Lifestyle factors like smoking, alcohol, consumption of drugs and caffeine and excessive diet or exercise also affects womens infertility.

How is female infertility diagnosed?

Doctors usually begin with a thorough physical exam. The exam will include a medical history about your menstrual cycle, past illnesses, sexually transmitted diseases and surgeries, and if you are taking drugs or have been exposed to toxic agents. The
following tests/exams may be conducted by the infertility specialist to evaluate female infertility:

1) A urine or blood test to check for infections or hormone problem, including thyroid function, Pelvic exam and breast exam

2) A sample of cervical mucus and tissue to determine if ovulation is occurring.

3) Laparoscope inserted into the abdomen to view the condition of organs and to look for blockage, adhesions or scar tissue.

4) HSG, which is an x-ray used in conjunction with a colored liquid inserted into the fallopian tubes making it easier for the technician to check for blockage.

5) Hysteroscopy uses a tiny telescope with a fiber light to look for uterine abnormalities.

6) Ultrasound to look at the uterus and ovaries. May be done vaginally or abdominally.

7) Sonohystogram combines an ultrasound and saline injected into the uterus to look for abnormalities or problems.

8) A semen analysis and a medical history of your partner will also be performed.

Tracking your ovulation through fertility awareness will also help your doctor to assess your fertility status.

How is female infertility treated/Treatment options For Female Infertility

When it is possible to find the cause, treatments may include medicines, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies. Happily, two-thirds of couples treated for infertility are able to have babies. Treatment of infertility depends on the cause and the woman’s age. It falls into two main categories: one helps fertility through medications or surgery, and the other uses assisted reproductive technologies. Hormones can be taken to address a hormone imbalance, endometriosis, or a short menstrual cycle. Fertility drugs are the main treatment for women with ovulation disorders, and may also be used in women with no identifiable cause of their infertility. These treatments may also be used with an intrauterine sperm injection (IUI), when sperm is injected directly into the uterus around the time of ovulation. Surgery may benefit women with fibroids, uterine polyps, or endometriosis. Surgery may also be an option when the cause of infertility is blocked fallopian tubes. Other options for a couple to achieve pregnancy include assisted reproductive technology such as IVF. In this treatment sperm is mixed with an egg outside the body. In ICSI known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection a single sperm is injected into an egg and the resulting embryo is transferred back into the uterus. For women with very few remaining eggs in the ovaries,egg and embryo donation are options. Surrogacy is also one of the option for infertile couples.

Is it possible to prevent female infertility?

If the female infertility is caused by genetic problems or illness then it is very difficult to prevent it. Every effort must be made to ensure that the young girl gets married when she is at the peak of her reproductive age. Hormonal imbalance due to the consumption of the wrong food and water should have a definite change. Drink sufficient water regularly and ensure your tissues and organs are alkaline.However, if women takes following steps ,she can decrease the possibility of her infertility:

1) Take steps to prevent sexually transmitted diseases

2) Avoid illicit drugs

3) Avoid heavy or frequent alcohol use

4) Adopt good personal hygiene and health practices

5) Have annual check ups with her gynaecologist or infertility specialist

When is it time to contact an Infertility Specialist?

When a female is not able to conceive within one year after marriage without the use of contraceptives then it is a red signal. Firstly a routine check should be done with gynaec and above all symptoms like abnormal bleeding, abdominal pain, fever, unusual discharge, pain or discomfort during intercourse and soreness or itching in the vaginal area then the female should contact the doctor or her infertility specialist at the earliest.

Talk and discuss freely with your infertility specialist. It is a first step towards infertility treatment and parenthood. Earlier treatment and early diagnosis will lead into healthy pregnancy. One appointment or consultation with your infertility specialist can change you whole life. So dont wait and get in touch with your fertility clinic and the specialists. Dealing with infertility can be extremely challenging, especially when there are a multitude of questions that are left unanswered.

The Blossom Fertility and IVF Centre aims to reduce the stress and hassle associated with infertility investigations and treatment, by offering a one-stop diagnostic and treatment service for infertile couples. Our expertise in infertility treatment and cutting edge IVF technology has helped majority of our patients achieve pregnancy.

Start Realising your dream of child today by contacting at or just give a call on +91 99799 46222, +91 261 2470444have look at to learn all about female infertility treatments ,fertility, Female infertility, drugs, hormones, uterus, scar tissue, egg, sperm, egg donation, in vitro, IVF, artificial insemination, fallopian tube, ovary, uterus, cervix, HSG, laparoscopy, reproductive problems.

Article By: blossomivfindia

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